Doctoral Programs

PhD Textile Engineering

The PhD Textile Engineering is a full-time program that includes 18 credit hours of course work followed by comprehensive examination and research. This is a rigorous program aimed at enabling and promoting high-quality research in textile engineering to benefit the world in general and Pakistan in particular. The program emphasizes not only depth in fundamental textile engineering but also an interdisciplinary approach to understanding technologies in which textile engineers and scientists can take a leading role.

This program attracts graduates who want to continue their careers in academia and the textile industry. The program enables the students to gain a high-quality doctoral qualification with capabilities to develop an understanding of engineering-driven business and to innovate and respond to the challenges faced during product and process development. Students must demonstrate the ability to apply scientific principles to meet engineering needs due to social and economic factors and within a reasonable time constraint.

Program Educational Objectives (PEOs)

The Ph.D. Textile Engineering graduates will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate the knowledge of textile engineering and allied disciplines to identify and investigate the technical as well as societal problems and propose a viable solution based on scientific studies
  2. Conduct and manage research and development activities to address local and global challenges keeping in view sustainability.

Program Learning Objectives (PLOs)

At the time of completion of PhD Textile Engineering degree, the students will be able to:

  1. Identify research problems and research gap after critical analysis of literature.
  2. Apply scientific approaches to plan and conduct research to devise solution of the problem keeping in view the environmental, social, and legal aspects.
  3. Design a product or process to meet the desired needs within realistic constraints and conditions. 
  4. Select and apply modern techniques and tools to infer the meaningful conclusions.


First Semester

Code Course Title Credit Hours
 TE-7001  Advanced Statistical Methods for Research  3
 TE-7002  Recent Development in textile Engineering  2
 TE-7003  Modern testing and Characterization Methods  3
 TE-7004  Prototype/Review Paper  1
 Total   9

Second Semester

Code Course Title Credit Hours
 TE-7XXX  Elective – I  3
 TE-7XXX  Elective – II  3
 TE-7XXX  Elective – III  3
 Total  9
 Total Credit Hours of Taught Courses 18

Semester III - VIII

Code Course Title Credit Hours
TE-8090  Research Thesis  30
  Total Credit Hours 48

 List of Elective Courses

Sr. No


Course Title



Dyeing Engineering and Wet Textile Processing



Quality Management in Clothing



Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite



Industrial Information Systems



Mechanics of Textile Machines



Clothing Engineering



Textile Machinery and Instrument Design



Medical Textiles



Textile Surface Modification and Chemical Treatments



Textile Machinery and Instrument Design



Textile Modeling and Simulation



Mechanics of Textile Assemblies



Medical Textiles



Protective Textiles



Nonwoven Technology



Recent Development in Textile Engineering



Engineered Textile Structures & Composites



Technical Textiles



Composite Technology



Smart Materials



Mechanics of Materials



Adv Fiber, Fabric & Yarn Manufacturing Techniques



Adv Fabric Manufacturing Techniques



Adv Textile Processing Technologies



Adv Clothing Technologies



Production, Planning and Control



Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Materials



Electronic and Mechanical Properties of Materials



Nano Materials/Structures



Smart Textiles



Nano Materials for Textiles






Electrospun materails and Applications



Filtration in Textiles






Finite Element Methods



Woven Structures for Advance Engineering Applications



3D Textile Structures (Woven, Knitted, Braided, Nonwoven)



Fiber Reinforced Composite Materials



Shape Memory Materials



Surfaces and Interfaces



Flexible Electrodes



Textiles for Energy Production



Electronic and Magnetic Materials






Fracture Mechanics



Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Materials



Heat and Mass Transfer



Fluid Flow in Porous Media



Blended Textile Structures



Advanced Fibrous Structures



Advanced Industrial Marketing



Strategy and Economics Concepts of Garments Production



Fabric and Garment Embellishment



Clothing and Culture



Textile Merchandising



Textiles & Apparel Merchandizing Development



Apparel Design for Industry



International Textile and Apparel Sourcing



Survey Research and Experimental Designs



Fibers and Fibrous Structures



Physical Properties of Fiber Forming Polymers



Yarn Formation



Fabric Formation



Textile Processing



Garments Manufacturing



High Performance Fibers



Mechanics of Fibrous Structures



Polymer Processing Techniques



Polymer Rheology



Polymer Chemistry



Textile Calculations



Quality Assurance in Textiles



Denim Manufacturing and Processing



Air Conditioning in Textiles



Applied Statistics and Regression



Frontiers in Operations Management Research



Operations and Supply Chain Management



Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management



Wastewater Treatment



Numerical Methods in Textile Engineering



Fundamentals of Air Quality Management



Filtration in Textiles



Production Planning and Inventory Control



Advanced Regression Techniques


Any other Course Proposed by Supervisory Committee and approved by Program Management Committee


Course Specifications

Advanced statistical methods for research

The nature of probability and statistics; Frequency distributions and graphs; Data description; Probability and counting rules; Normal and discrete probability distributions; Confidence intervals and sample size; Hypothesis testing and testing the difference between two means/proportions/variances; Correlation/regression and Chi-Square testing; Analysis of variance; Nonparametric statistics; Sampling and simulation.

Recommended Books:

Understanding Advanced Statistical Methods by Peter Westfall, Kevin S. S. Henning, 2013.

Recent Developments in Textile Engineering

Air vortex spinning technique; MVS spinning technique; Rotor spinning technique; Advance fibers; Auxetic yarn; Recent development in fabric manufacturing (woven and knitted). Applications of enzymes in textile industry: fundamental aspects of enzymes determining catalytic properties, Basic thermodynamics and enzyme kinetics, function of textile-processing enzymes, sustainability aspects of enzyme applications. Treatment of textiles with plasma: Physics of plasma, production techniques, various applications and advancements in plasma processing. Ozone treatment of textiles: production of ozone, interaction of ozone with substrate, applications of ozone in textiles. Digital printing of textiles: Printing process, Application land scape, recent developments. Modification of textile surface for functional and performance applications: Recent developments in various functional finishes such, flame retardants, antibacterial activity, UV protection, EMI shielding etc. Recent development in textile based composite manufacturing for personal protection, automobile and aerospace applications.

Recommended Books:

  1. Advances in Textile Engineering and Materials by Huawu Liu, Yongxin Yang, Shijie Shen, Zhili Zhong, Laijiu Zheng and Peng Feng, 2013.
  2. Advances in Functional and Protective Textiles 1st Edition by Shahid ul-Islam Bhupendra Singh Butola, 2020.

Modern testing and Characterization Methods

Moisture management tester; Air permeability; Fabric touch tester; Water vapor permeability tester; Kawabata Evaluation system; Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR); Scanning Electron microscopy (SEM); X-ray diffraction (XRD).

Recommended Books:

  1. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Vol. 37 by G. A. Webb, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2008.
  2. Materials Characterization Techniques. By Sam Zhang, Lin Li and Ashok Kumar, 2008.

Prototype/Review Paper

The student is required to write an in-depth, publishable review on a topic from one of the following areas of Textile Engineering & Technology: Textile Materials (Polymers, Fibers, Additives, Adhesives, etc.); Yarn Manufacturing (Production Systems, Products, Properties, End-Uses); Woven & Knitted Fabric Manufacturing (Production Systems, Products, Properties, End-Uses); Nonwovens (Production Systems, Products, Properties, End-Uses); Coloration and Finishing (Pre-treatments, Application of Color, Functional and Aesthetic Finishes); Apparel and “3-D” Product Manufacturing (Formation and Visualization of 3D Structures; Pre-production, Spreading, Cutting, Joining & Finishing of Apparels); Textile Measurement and Control (Measurement and Control of Textile Processes and Products, Property Evaluation).

Advanced Polymeric Materials

Polymers are a ubiquitous part of our everyday life. Advances in polymer synthesis, processing, and engineering have led to new applications exploiting the unique properties of polymers to realize advanced technologies far removed from their initial application. Building on a review of the fundamentals of polymer science, this unit will explore the use of polymers in a range of novel applications from biomedical applications to optoelectronic devices. Different classes of polymers will be discussed including conjugated polymers, block co-polymers, and biopolymers with a view to linking the physical properties of the polymer chain to the functionality of the technological application.

Recommended Books:

Didier Rouxel, Advanced Polymeric Materials: Synthesis and Applications (2018)


All three classes of composite materials are included in the course: polymeric matrix composites (PMC), as well as metallic and ceramic matrix composites (MMC and CMC), though the main focus is on PMC. Dominantly, conventional (that is using micro size reinforcement) composites are discussed. Nanocomposites (that is using nanosized reinforcement) are included in the course but to a lesser extent because the industry is mainly using conventional composites. Nevertheless, nanocomposites are making great research and growing engineering impacts, following science and development in the field of nanoparticles.

Recommended Books:

Visakh P.M., Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites: Zero‐ to Three‐Dimensional Materials and Their Composites (2016)

Denim anufacturing

The objective of this course is to impart the knowledge of denim manufacturing processes emphasizing the preparation of yarn for denim, dyeing of yarn, production of fabric and garments. Various fabric treatments will be taught in detail the dyeing process and chemical washing techniques to attain the various effects for fashion articles. The student will also learn the ecofriendly denim treatment processes such as ozone fading, laser treatment to ensure the sustainable development of denim garments. The sustainability will also be addressed through reduction of wastewater, recycling of denim garments.

Recommended Books:

Denim Manufacture, Finishing and Applications Edited by Roshan Paul (2015)

Biomaterials for Healthcare

Overview of the biomaterials and process for medical textiles and implantable biotextile devices. Review steps in the identification of healthcare needs, market size and demand, product specifications and design, prototype fabrication and sterilization, in vitro testing of mechanical, chemical, surface and biological properties, in vivo animal testing, regulatory issues, consumer and clinical trials and explant analysis. Examples of medical textiles for personal hygiene, wound care, external support, orthopedic, general surgery, dental and tissue engineering applications. The student will be introduced to the process of new product development as it applies to medical textiles and biotextiles.

Recommended Books:

  1. S C Anand, Medical Textiles and Biomaterials for Healthcare (2005)                                        
  2. William R Wagner, An Introduction to Materials in Medicine (2020)                                        

Advances in shape Memory Polymers

A broad variety of materials are actually considered as smart ones: from shape memory alloys to polymer nanosystems. With this course, specific aspects of an exciting interdisciplinary area “Smart Materials” will be introduced in such a way it can be easily understood by a broad audience. How remarkable properties of smart materials correlate with simple structural features at nanoscale and microscale, discuss various methods to characterize materials with smart properties. Inspiring trends in applications of smart materials will be highlighted.

Recommended Books:

J. Parameswaranpillai, Shape Memory Polymers, Blends and Composites: Advances and Applications (2020)

Nanofibers and Nanoparticles

Importance of the surface, engineering materials, particle shape and the surface, surface, and volume, atomic structure, particle orientation, materials at the nanoscale. Diamond, fullerenes, graphene, carbon nanotubes, properties and types CNT’s, growth and applications of CNT’s, nanomaterials natural and manmade, semiconductor nanoparticles, ceramic nanoparticles, metal nano physics, polymers and composites, inorganic nanotubes, metals, oxides, quantum dots, surface-enhanced raman spectroscopy, nanocatalysis. Sources of atmospheric nanoparticles, particle size distribution, measurement of nanoparticles in roadside air, transformation and transport of ultrafine particles, measurement of particle number concentration in the atmosphere, chemical composition of atmospheric nanoparticles, indoor/ outdoor relationships of nanoparticles. 

Recommended Books:

  1. Maria Benelmekki, Nanomaterials (2019)
  2. Andy Nieto, Nanomaterials and their Applications (2020)

Flame Retardant Materials

It discusses the basics of flame retardancy and flammability and covers various types of flame retardants and materials, including natural FRs, halogen, phosphorous, and nanomaterial-based FRs. The course also discusses methods of applications of FRs and discusses FRs and the environment.

Recommended Books:

Asim Kumar Roy Choudhury, Flame Retardants for Textile Materials (2021)

Functional Materials for Textiles

The course focuses on functional textiles for improved performance and protection, reviewing antistatic, flame retardant and infrared functional textiles, among many others. This also includes the uses of functional textiles in a medical context, including superhydrophobic materials, antibacterial textiles, and insect-repellent materials.

Recommended Books:

Abhijit Majumdar, Functional Textiles and Clothing (2019)

Microencapsulation Technology

This course is intended to provide an overview and review of the latest developments in microencapsulation processes and technologies for various applications. The general theme and purpose are to provide the reader with a current and general overview of the existing microencapsulation systems and to emphasize various methods of preparation, characterization, evaluation, and potential applications in multiple fields such as medicine, food, agricultural, and composites.

Recommended Books:

Fabien Salaün, Microencapsulation (2019)

Engineering Textiles

It covers textile product design and development, enabling the students to understand essential principles, concepts, materials, and applications. It covers design concepts and technologies, such as sustainability, nanotechnology, and wearable textiles. This course covers fiber-to-fabric engineering, product development and design of textile products, different types of fibers, yarns and fabrics, the structure, characteristics, and design of textiles, and the development of products for specific applications, including both traditional and technical textiles.

Recommended Books:

Yehia Elmogahzy, Engineering Textiles (2019)

Advances in Yarn Spinning Technology

This chapter provides an introduction to yarn fiber spinning and structure. It discussed the principles of ring spinning and the open-end spinning of yarns. Yarn structure and properties from different spinning techniques and yarn structural requirements for knitted and woven fabrics are also examined. This also covers advances in particular yarn spinning technologies. Topics range from siro spinning to compact spinning technology and air-jet spinning. How to minimize fiber damage that occurs during spinning and the use of spin finishes for textiles.

Recommended Books:

C.A. Lawrence, Advances in Yarn Spinning Technology (2010)

Design and Manufacture of Textile Composites

The term ‘textile composites’ is often used to describe a rather narrow range of materials, based on three-dimensional reinforcements produced using specialist equipment. In the design and manufacture of textile composites, however, the term is used to describe the broad range of polymer composite materials with textile reinforcements, from woven and non-crimp commodity fabrics to three-dimensional textiles. In this course, modeling of textile structures, composites manufacturing methods and subsequent component performance is covered broadly. It also covers applications from a broad range of areas, including transportation, sporting construction and medical applications.

Recommended Books:

A.C. Long , Design and Manufacture of Textile Composites (2005)

Mechanics of Fibrous Assemblies

Mechanics of materials is a branch of applied mechanics that deals with the behavior of solid bodies subjected to various types of loading. This course deals with stress-strain behavior of different materials, testing techniques, constitutive equations, micromechanics, modeling, and simulation techniques for structural analysis. This course develops understanding and knowledge of material response and performance under various types of forces. It helps to understand material failure behaviors and their prediction. Main concepts include stress and strain, force systems on structures, moment of inertia, and shear and bending moments etc.

Recommended Books:

Parviz Ghavami, Mechanics of Materials An Introduction to Engineering Technology, Springer, 1st Ed. (2015)

Heat and Mass Transfer in Porous Media

The course provides an insight of the governing laws for heat and mass transfer. The topics covered include one-dimensional and two-dimensional steady-state conduction, transient conduction, fundamentals and engineering treatment of convection heat transfer, external and internal heat flow and free convection. Applying the rigorous and systematic problem-solving methodology with examples and problems is discussed during this course.

Recommended Books:

  1. RK Rajput, Heat and Mass Transfer, S. Chand Publishing, (2019)
  2. DS Kumar, Heat and Mass Transfer, SK Kataria Publishers, (2013)

Advances in Dyeing and Finishing of Technical Textiles

The use of distinctive colourants and finishes has a significant impact on the aesthetic appeal and functionality of technical textiles. This course covers advances in dyes and colourants, including chromic materials, optical effect pigments, and microencapsulated colourants for technical textile applications. Other types of functional dyes considered include UV- absorbent, anti-microbial and water-repellent dyes. Regulations relating to the use of textile dyes are also discussed in this chapter. Advances in finishing techniques as mechanical finishing, softening treatments and the use of enzymes are also part of this course. Surfactants, Inkjet printing of technical textiles and functional finishes to improve the comfort and protection of apparel are also explored. The use of nanotechnology in producing hydrophobic, super-hydrophobic and antimicrobial finishes is dealt with alongside coating and lamination techniques.

Recommended Books:

M.L. Gulrajani, Advances in the Dyeing and Finishing of Technical Textiles (2013)

Functional Finishes for Textiles

This course focuses on the most important fabric finishes in the textile industry. It discusses finishes designed to improve the comfort and other properties of fabrics, as well as finishes that protect the fabric or the wearer. The role of a finish, the mechanisms and chemistry behind the finish, types of finish and their methods of application, application to particular textiles, testing and future trends are also covered in this course.

Recommended Books:

Roshan Paul, Functional Finishes for Textiles (2015)

Smart Textile Coatings and Laminates

This course is focused on the state-of-the-art in smart coatings for fibers, fabrics and polymers, providing fundamental knowledge and stimulus for further research and development. It includes a new range of application areas, including responsive coatings, smart coatings for medical applications, and electronics integration into textiles through coating technology.

Recommended Books:

William Smith, Smart Textile Coatings and Laminate (2018)

Surface Modification of Textiles

This course covers fundamental issues relating to textiles surfaces and their characterization. Various types of surface modification suitable for textiles, including plasma treatments and nanoparticles, are also part of this course. It discusses surface modification strategies for textile applications such as expansion into technical textile applications

Recommended Books:

Q. Wei, Surface Modification of Textiles (2009)

Plasma Technologies for Textiles

This course describes both the science and technology of plasma processing and its practical applications. It covers how plasma technology improves textile properties such as wettability and liquid repelling.

Recommended Books:

R. Shishoo, Plasma Technologies for Textiles (2007)

Smart Clothes and Wearable Technology

This course covers an emerging area of textile research including a brief history and industry overview. This also assesses the technologies and materials available for the design and production of smart clothing. This also summarises requirements for smart textiles from both health and performance perspectives.


Recommended Books:

J. McCann and D. Bryson, Smart Clothes and Wearable Technology (2009)

Simulation in Textile Technology

This course covers principles, applications, and benefits of modeling for textile production. Neural networks and their applications before going on to explore evolutionary methods and fuzzy logic are covered. The modeling of fibrous structures and yarns, along with wound packages, woven, braided and knitted structures, are also part of this course.

Recommended Books:

D. Veit, Simulation in Textile Technology (2012)

Finite Element Analysis in Textiles

This course aims to teach the fundamentals of the finite element method for the analysis of engineering problems arising in solids and structures. The course emphasizes the solution of real-life problems using the finite element method underscoring the importance of the choice of the proper mathematical model, discretization techniques, and element selection criteria. The students learn how to judge the quality of the numerical solution and efficiently improve accuracy by optimal selection of solution variables.

Recommended Books:

Daryl Logan, A First Course in the Finite Element Method, Cengage Learning, 6th Ed. (2016)

Recycling in Textiles

This subject covers the general issues involved and the technologies concerned with the recycling of textiles. The chemical aspects of textile recycling are also discussed. This course focused on recycled textile products, including nonwovens and alternative fibers. Possible applications of recycled textiles, including using recycled products in the operating theatre, for soil stabilization and concrete reinforcement, are also part of this subject.

Recommended Books:

Youjiang Wang, Recycling in Textiles (2006)

Environmental Impact of Textiles

This course covers the effects of textile production on the environment, from growing or making fibers to discarding a product after its useful life has ended. It looks at how the physical environment is affected by textile production processes, including resource depletion, pollution, energy use and the biological environment. Covers the degradation suffered by textile materials within the environment by air pollution, wind, water and other agents.

Recommended Books:

K Slater, Environmental Impact of Textiles (2003)

Energy Harvesting Materials

This course covers all aspects of the subject, ranging from natural plant and bacterial photosystems, through their biologically inspired synthetic analogs, to other photoactive molecular materials such as dendrimers.  This also establishes the theory and underlying principles across the full range of light-harvesting systems. With an authoritative, comprehensive and well-referenced content, it will appeal to all students, researchers and technologists interested or involved in solar energy, photobiology and photoactive materials science.

Recommended Books:

David L Andrews, Energy Harvesting Materials (2005)

Career opportunities for students after Completion of the Program

The PhD Textile Engineering program aims to create a higher learning culture that enables participants to work in

  • Research and development of textile industry,
  • Research institute
  • Researcher and teacher in academic/research Universities
  • Companies for development and manufacturing of machines/parts/textiles/polymer

  1. MS/M.Phil Textile Engineering/Mechanical Engineering/Chemical Engineering/Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering/Product and Industrial Design/Materials Engineering/Environmental Engineering/Mechatronics Engineering/Chemistry/Textile Chemistry or equivalent degree with minimum CGPA 3.00/4.00 or 3.50/5.00 in semester system or 60% marks in annual system.
  2. The applicant must pass NTS-GAT (Subject) test with minimum 60/100 marks or NTU-GAT (Subject) test with minimum 70/100 marks as per HEC prior to apply for any PhD program (please see Test Banner for more information on main page of this website)
  3. Applicant having MS or equivalent degree without thesis is not eligible to apply.
  4. It is mandatory to pass interview in order to compete on merit.
  5. Applicant must not be already registered as a student in any other academic program in Pakistan or abroad.
  6. Result waiting applicants may apply for admission, however their merit will be finalized only on submission of final MS/M.Phil or equivalent official transcript or degree.
  7. Relevant Admission Committee will determine relevancy of terminal degree and decide deficiency course/s (if any) at the time of admission interview, the detail of which will be provided to the student in his/her admission letter/email.
  8. Deficiency course/s will be treated as non-credit and qualifying course/s for which student will also pay extra dues as per fee policy. Those course/s will neither be mentioned in student’s final transcript nor will be included for calculation of CGPA. However, the student may obtain his/her a separate transcript for completion of deficiency course/s.

Merit Criteria

The admission merit list will be prepared according to the following criteria:

 MS/Equivalent  60% weightage
 B.Sc/BE/Equivalent  20% weightage
 Interview result  10% weightage
 Publication/relevant experience  10% weightage (05% + 05%)


Fee Head1st 2nd3rd4th5th6th
Admission Fee (Once) 25000 - - - - -
Certificate Verification Fee (Once) 2000 - - - - -
University Security (Refundable) 5000 - - - - -
Red Crescent  Donation (Once) 100 - - - - -
University Card Fee (Once) 300 - - - - -
Degree Fee (Once) - - - 5000 - -
Tuition Fee (Per Semester) 30000 30000 21000 21000 21000 21000
Library Fee (Per Semester) 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000
Examination Fee (Per Semester) 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000
Medical Fee (Per Semester) 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000
TOTAL 70,400 38000 29000 34000 29000 29000